King James I was a protestant, he passed severe laws against the catholics.
Catholics were very angry, they had to practice their religion in secret.
A group of 12 catholics decided to kill King James.
On the 5th of November 1605, they plotted to blow up the Houses of Parliament when the King was there. This was called the Gunpowder plot. The leader of the conspirators was Robert Catesby.
Guido (Guy) Fawkes was an expert with explosives.
When the soldiers discovered the plot, Guy Fawkes was immediately arrested and tortured.Three days later, all the conspirators were arrested and hanged too.
To celebrate the defeat of the plotters, people started bonfires in the streets of London.
Today, on November 5th people in Great Britain celebrate Guy Fawkes' night or 'Bonfire night' as a kind of remembrance.
There is usually a big feast :
Families make their own models of Guy Fawkes with wood and old clothes.They light big bonfires, they burn the 'Guys' and set off fireworks.
Children parade their "guys" around the streets to get money to buy fireworks. Sometimes people even roast potatoes and chestnuts in the ashes of the bonfire.
Gunpowder, treason and plot.
We see no reason why
Should ever be forgot!
You can print activities
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